A congress of the Chinese Communist Party under the influence of Xi Jinping

To understand Xi Jinping’s ascendancy over the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), a visit is essential. The one of the impressive museum inaugurated in 2021 in front of the Beijing Olympic Stadium on the occasion of the centenary of the party. A museum sought after by the general secretary of the PCC in 2017. 147,000 square meters of exhibition crossed by a huge monumental staircase covered by a thick red carpet. In the first level: the conquest of power, from 1921 to 1949. In the second: the years 1949-2007, from the entrance of Mao Zedong in Beijing to that of Xi Jinping within the permanent committee of the political bureau, five years before his access to supreme power. Already very present in the first two levels where his reflections shed light on the history of the festival in each room, Xi Jinping therefore has the right to the entire third floor to exhibit his work.

That a man capable of imposing such a staging on his own glory in 2021 is not, a year later, re-elected for a third term at the head of the party seems unlikely. Indeed, the CCP and its 96 million members are, in many ways, a new Forbidden City. A world from which almost nothing leaks. But a congress is only the culmination of a complex process that began at least two years in advance. Its 2,296 delegates decide less than they validate. on the eve of the 20thme The CCP Congress, which will open on Sunday October 16 with a long speech by Xi Jinping, therefore the question is less whether this 69-year-old will get a third five-year term than trying to guess whether he intends to request a fourth in 2027 or even a fifth in 2032.

Also read: Article reserved for our subscribers “Xi Jinping will emerge even stronger from the 20th Congress of the Chinese Communist Party. Probably too much”

“Mao Zedong was a populist Marxist but not a Leninist. He mistrusted institutions. Deng Xiaoping was a pragmatic Leninist who rebuilt the institutions torn down by Mao, Jiang Zemin [secrétaire général du PCC de 1989 à 2002] a bureaucrat and a politician who knew how to stabilize and modernize the country after 1989, Hu Jintao [secrétaire général de 2002 à 2012] a technocrat and an apparatchik. Xi Jinping is a modern emperor, respected and feared. A visionary who is the object of a true cult of personality”, summarized by the American historian David Shambaugh, author of Chinese leaders. From Mao to now (“The Leaders of China. From Mao to Today”; Polity, 2021, untranslated).

A man powerful enough to pass, in November 2021, a resolution on the history of the party denouncing the “lax and weak government” of its predecessors, but still alive and theoretically influential. “Xi was recruited (…) to do exactly the job he is doing, given the general consensus on the state of corruption, laxity and deterioration within the party during the time Xi came to power, even if the remedy he has chosen to administer is stronger than they had anticipated. ”. notes, in a note from the Asia Society Policy Institute, Christopher Johnson, a former China analyst at the CIA.

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