According to the experts, transmitted by “The Guardian”, it is vital that animals, trees or rivers have legal rights like humans.
LShould trees, animals and rivers have the same rights as human beings? This is what the researchers from “The Law Society” think, who believe that it is essential to fight against the loss of biodiversity and climate change, this allows to regulate the interactions of humans on biological elements, explains The Guardian. This postulate also has precedents: Ecuador and Bolivia already have laws to protect the natural environment and the associations want to install the term “ecocide” in order to initiate proceedings in the International Criminal Court, recalls the British newspaper.
According to Dr. Trish O’Flynn, a co-author of the report, these laws should have broad coverage, including protecting lab-grown tissue and even robots. “Sometimes we see ourselves above nature (…) while we are part of it, we are one more species. We are at the top of the evolutionary tree in some respects, if you look at it linearly, but in reality the global ecosystem is much more powerful than us. A way to remember that man is not above others…
READ ALSOOn the Rhine, “ships are no longer suitable for shallow waters”
The human being facing his responsibility
With such laws, this would allow establishing a legal framework, responsibilities and therefore “consequences of what we do”, also judges the scientist. The team of researchers is especially targeting biotechnology, which wants to resurrect extinct species or eradicate existing ones, such as mosquitoes. “We are not wise enough to manage all these abilities and the effects of the decisions we make. Justice could, therefore, limit all this.
However, granting rights to animals and plants could be tricky, according to scientists, in some parts of the world. The law would be confronted with local traditions and beliefs. In Bolivia, for example, laws have been passed with the influence of indigenous peoples, for whom nature is of particular importance.