October 2022 was the hottest month on record in Europe, according to Copernicus

October 2022 was the warmest month on record in Europe, announced on Tuesday, November 8, the European climate monitoring service Copernicus. The average temperatures were “nearly 2°C above the 1991-2020 reference period”, specifies the organization in a press release. The agency had already announced in September that the summer of 2022 had been the hottest on record, with temperatures above normal of 1.34 °C.

“The serious consequences of climate change are now evident and we need ambitious climate action at COP27 to ensure that emissions are reduced to stabilize temperatures close to the 1.5°C target set by the Paris agreement”commented Samantha Burgess, Deputy Director of the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S).

According to the European service, “A heat wave caused record daily temperatures in Western Europe and a record October for Austria, Switzerland and France, as well as much of Italy and Spain”.

Europe, the continent where warming is faster

Europe is the fastest growing continent. Over the past thirty years, there has been a rise in temperatures of more than twice the global average, with a warming of around +0.5°C per decade, according to a report from the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and C3S published on November 2. In October, in certain parts of the continent, this abnormal heat was added, as during the summer, to the rainfall deficit. “The climate was drier than average in most of southern Europe and the Caucasus”says Copernicus. Instead, “over the northwestern Iberian Peninsula, parts of France and Germany, the UK and Ireland, over northwestern Scandinavia, over much of Eastern Europe, and in central Turkey, the climate was wetter than average”.

In the rest of the world, “Canada experienced record heat, and much warmer than average temperatures were also observed in Greenland and Siberia.”. On the contrary, “The coldest temperatures compared to the average were recorded in Australia, the extreme east of Russia and parts of western Antarctica”.

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Since the end of the 19me century, the Earth has warmed by almost 1.2°C, and about half of this increase has occurred in the last 30 years. The year 2022, marked by cascading weather disasters, is expected to rank as the fifth or sixth warmest year, according to the World Meteorological Organization, which released its interim annual report on the state of the climate on Sunday.

The world with AFP

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