Poland wants to start negotiations on war reparations with Germany

Warsaw demands a “permanent, complete and definitive legal and material solution of the consequences of the German aggression and occupation of 1939-1945.”

The Polish Foreign Minister indicated this Monday, October 3, that his country wanted to start negotiations with Germany on reparations for the Second World War, estimated by Warsaw at 1.3 billion euros.

Minister Zbigniew Rau told reporters on Monday that he had signed a diplomatic note that read “the conviction (…) that the parties must take immediate steps towards a permanent, complete and definitive legal and material settlement of the consequences of the German aggression and occupation of 1939-1945“. The note should be sent to the head of German diplomacy, Annalena Baerbock, who is expected in Warsaw on Monday night and who is due to meet Zbigniew Rau on Tuesday.

This regulation must include in particular:the payment by the Federal Republic of Germany of compensation for the material and immaterial losses caused to the Polish State by this aggression and occupationZbigniew Rau said.

According to the Minister, this agreement should also include the payment of compensation to the victims of Nazi aggression and their relatives, as well as a systemic solution to the problem of seized Polish cultural property and archival documents.

“Base Polish-German relations on justice and truth”

Such an arrangement will make it possible to base Polish-German relations on justice and truth, will lead to the closing of painful chapters of the past and will ensure the further development of bilateral relations in the spirit of good neighborliness and friendly cooperation.“, further stressed Zbigniew Rau. In a report published on September 1, Warsaw estimated its losses during World War II at 6.2 billion zlotys (1.3 billion euros).

of this totala very important part is compensation for the death of more than 5.2 million Polish citizens“Jaroslaw Kaczynski, leader of the ruling Law and Justice party, then stressed, adding that the process before Poland receives these reparations would be”long and difficult“. According to Germany, Poland renounced war reparations in 1953 and repeatedly confirmed this waiver.

Berlin has opposed the same arguments to reparations claims raised in the past by Greece. For the Polish liberal opposition, the debate on war reparations revived by the conservatives is intended above all for domestic political purposes, a year before the general elections.

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