This week is COP27 in Egypt. But also Ambition Planète, in Réunion. Why are local initiatives as essential as world congresses?
“At all levels, we are aware that there is a climate emergency: climate change must be limited to 1.5 or 2 degrees. Today we are completely on the surface, the trends rather forecast trends of 3 degrees by the end of the century and this is unacceptable. We must act to achieve net zero emissions to reduce our greenhouse gas emissions. Organizations like the COP are essential because this is at stake globally. Half of our greenhouse gas emissions come from the United States, China, and India. Locally”, 70% of greenhouse gases come from our communities, cities and towns. Therefore, we must work at an individual level. The experience in Nordev is enriching because we will be working with all the actors in the Indian Ocean, which It is a good level to unite, get to know each other and share knowledge to come out with concrete solutions to be in place.
You directed the film A Planet and a Civilization, which will be presented this Wednesday, November 9 at Nordev. What did you want to tell through this film? Why did you want to face reality on the ground?
Facing reality allowed me to see six specific cases of climatic disturbances such as the melting of ice floes, the rise of the oceans, the increase in temperature. There are as many climatic changes as there are humans. Everyone experiences climate change differently. Going to the field allows you to see how disruption impacts everyone’s life, it brings a pragmatic, concrete and human touch, because many times we are in our daily bubble without realizing how the 8 billion people who live on the planet live .
How does climate change affect the lives of Reunionese?
Réunion is facing a temperature rise of 0.2 degrees per decade, which is significant. The impacts of climate change will intensify at least until the beginning of the next century. If there is less water in the West, it can be difficult in terms of agriculture. Rising waters on some western beaches will also have disastrous consequences. We must reduce our greenhouse gas emissions, but we must also adapt.
What is the role of communities?
Local authorities are obliged to develop Climate-Air-Energy-Territorial Plans (PCAET) to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. We must sweep away all actions in all areas, education, agriculture, food, renewable energies, etc… We cannot afford to choose. Not all solutions are constraint solutions. The constraint is climate change. Now our actions will have to rise to these challenges.
What keys to give these young people gathered?
Those who created climate change are my generation. It is up to us to offer them solutions. We must not place this mental burden on the new generations. The new generation is the future elected officials, the future parents, the consumers, the ones who will act to reduce emissions.”
Interview with Jadine Labbé Pacheco